Important Hungarian personalities contributed to the progress of the world civilization. Out of the many examples of important Hungarian inventions, these have to be mentioned: the first nuclear reactor (Leo Szilard), the first electric motor (Ányos Jedlik), the safe match (JánosIrinyi), the ballpoint pen (László Biro), vitamin C (AlbertSzent-Györgyi), the hydrogen bomb (Edward Teller), binoculars (József Petzvál), the call center (TivadarPuskás), color TV (Peter Goldmark Károly), the carburetor (Csonka János Donát Bánkikai) , the first helicopter (Oszkár Asbóth), Rubik’s cube (Ernő Rubik), but also the digital computer (John von Neumann).
Hungarians have a long track record of success in sport, since Hungary holds the 8th rank for winning medals at the Olympics. Famous for its rich folk traditions, the Hungarian music ranges from the rhapsodies of Liszt Ferenc, the compositions of Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály to the Hungarian Gypsy music. Other country representatives in literature and in arts is the journalist Pulitzer József (Pulitzer Prize), Tony Curtis, William Fox (founder of Fox Studios) and Adolph Zukor, o creator of Paramount Pictures. Nowadays, Hungarian creators present achievements like Prezi (software application cloud) and LiTraCon, a light-permeable building material strong as concrete.
The country with 13 Nobel winners
Quite impressive is the fact that Hungary has 13 people who have been honored with the Nobel Prize, perhaps the most important institution recognition to humanity.
Philipp Lenard (Physics-1905), Robert Barany (Medicine -1914), Richard AdolfZsigmondy (Chemistry – 1925), Albert Szent-Györgyi (Medicine – 1937), George de Hevesy Chemistry – 1943), Georg von Békésy (Medicine – 1961), Eugene Wigner (Physics 1963), Dennis Gabor (Physics – 1971) John Polanyi (Chemistry – 1986), George Olah Chemistry – 1994), JohnHarsanyi (Finance– 994), Imre Kertész (Literature-2002), Avram Hershko (Chemistry – 2004).